Nav view search

Navigation


13_main.jpg

Search

Saranda Region


Vinaora Nivo Slider 3.xVinaora Nivo Slider 3.xVinaora Nivo Slider 3.xVinaora Nivo Slider 3.xVinaora Nivo Slider 3.x

Saranda or Sarandë is a municipality in Vlorë County, southern Albania. It is one of the most important tourist attractions of the Albanian Riviera. It is situated on an open sea gulf of the Ionian Sea  in the central Mediterranean, about 14 km (8.7 mi) east of the north end of the  Greek island of Korfu. The city of Saranda has a population of about 35,000.  Near Sarandë are the remains of the ancient city of Butrint, a  UNESCO World Heritage site . Sarandë has a Greek minority and is considered one of the two centers of the Greek community in Albania.

History

The town was included in the newly formed Albanian state in 1913 under the terms of the Protocol of Florence. It was occupied twice by Greece in 1913 and from 1914 to 1916, the second time by Greek insurgents from the Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus. In May 1914, negotiations were started in Sarande between representative of the provisional government of Northern Epirus and that of Albania which continued in nearby Corfu and ended up with the recognition of the Northern Epirote autonomy inside the newly established Albanian state.

It was then occupied by Italy  between 1916 and 1920 as part of the  Italian Protectorate on southern Albania. Saranda was again occupied by Italian forces in 1939 and was a strategic port during the Italian invasion of Greece. During this occupation, it was called "Porto Edda" in honor of the eldest daughter of Benito Mussolini.

During the Greco-Italian War, the city came under the control of the advancing Greek forces, on 6 December 1940. The capture of this strategic port further accelerated the Greek penetration to the north. As a result of the German invasion in Greece in April 1941, the town returned to Italian control. On October 9, 1944 the town was captured by a group of British commandos under Brigadier Tom Churchill and local partisans of LANÇ under Islam Radovicka. The involvement of the British troops was considered problematic by LANÇ as they considered that they would use the town as their base and install their allies from Greece in the area as British documents indicate that EDES forces also joined the operation. However, the British troops soon withdrew from the region, leaving the region to the Albanian communist forces.

Economy

Given its coastal access and Mediterranean climate, Saranda has become an important tourist attraction since the fall of communism in Albania, although visitors are almost exclusively Albanians and Greeks. Saranda as well as the rest of the Albanian Riviera, according to iThe Guardian, "is set to become the new 'undiscovered gem' of the overcrowded Med." Tourism is thus the major economic resource, while other resources include services, construction.

Climate

Climate data for Saranda (1991-2010)

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F) 24
(75)
25
(77)
27
(81)
29
(84)
36
(97)
39
(102)
42
(108)
42
(108)
38
(100)
30
(86)
27
(81)
25
(77)
42
(108)
Average high °C (°F) 13.6
(56.5)
14.1
(57.4)
16.5
(61.7)
19.2
(66.6)
23.6
(74.5)
28.4
(83.1)
31.0
(87.8)
31.1
(88)
28.2
(82.8)
22.4
(72.3)
17.3
(63.1)
15.0
(59)
21.7
(71.07)
Average low °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
5.2
(41.4)
6.8
(44.2)
10.6
(51.1)
16.1
(61)
19.7
(67.5)
22.4
(72.3)
22.3
(72.1)
19.1
(66.4)
10.5
(50.9)
7.5
(45.5)
6.1
(43)
12.58
(54.66)
Record low °C (°F) −5
(23)
−4
(25)
0
(32)
3
(37)
8
(46)
12
(54)
16
(61)
15
(59)
6
(43)
1
(34)
−2
(28)
−5
(23)
−5
(23)
Precipitation mm (inches) 125
(4.92)
122
(4.8)
98
(3.86)
65
(2.56)
39
(1.54)
20
(0.79)
5
(0.2)
9
(0.35)
48
(1.89)
125
(4.92)
161
(6.34)
169
(6.65)
986
(38.82)
Avg. precipitation days 14 12 9 7 5 2 1 1 5 9 12 15 92
Source: METEOALB Weather Station

 

Source: Wikipedia

Read more http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarandë